Nakło nad Notecią municipality is situated in the west region of the Kujawsko-Pomorskie Voivodeship at a distance of 25 kilometers (in a straight line) from the capital of the voivodeship – Bydgoszcz. It is one of the agro-industrially oriented municipalities. It comprises of 21 villages. The total area of the municipality is 187 km² of which 10.65 km² is the area of the city. Nakło nad Notecią is the capital of the municipality, of the district and at the same time one of the oldest cities of the Krajna region.
Krajna is situated between the north of the Wielkopolska Voivodeship and Pomeranian Voivodeship. Krajna Nakielska is situated between the middle and lower Noteć on north, Drawa on west, Dobrzynka and Kamionka on north and Brda on east. It is restricted by two natural areas: Ice marginal valley of the Noteć River and the Krajeńskie Lake District.
Nakło is the centre of three elements of a hydrological system: Bydgoszcz Canal from east, old valley of Noteć from the south east and is the area where the ice marginal valley of the Noteć River developed. From Nakło the direction of Noteć is positioned on a parallel of latitude direction with small deviations of the mainstream of the river in the form of river meanders. On both sides one can see numerous drainage canals which drain the excess of water. The whole municipality in fact does not have any permanent natural water reservoirs.
The majority of the area of the municipality is flat. Despite the transformation of the natural environment as a result of the activity of humans the area of the municipality is still an example of the development of post-glacial forms, which include ground and terminal moraines, as well as tunnel valleys.
The area of the municipality is divided by the Noteć river and the Bydgoszcz Canal into two parts: northern includes villages with well-developed agriculture and the territory of the city and southern includes dense forest complexes which are parts of the Gorzeń village, Potulice, Petarek and Wieszki . A stripe of nadnoteckie meadows runs along the Noteć river.
Following nature reserves can be found within the territory of the municipality: Ślesińskie Meadows (Łąki Ślesińskie), Ślesińskie Slopes (Skarpy Ślesińskie), Minikowski Forest (Las Minikowski), Hadera Reserve (Rezerwat Hedera). Kardynalski Pond (Staw Kardynalski) is situated between them. Natura 2000 area was designated along the Noteć river. Rare species of birds can be found in this area. Nakło nad Notecią municipality borders with six local government units, that is municipalities: Mrocza, Kcynia, Szubin, Sadki, Sicienko and Białe Błota.
Our municipality has 31,352 permanent residents. Including 6178 children and minors, 80%, that is 25,174 of all residents are adult persons. In comparison with statistical data from 2008 the number of residents decreased by 2%. In 2008 the number of people with the registered address in Nakło nad Notecią municipality was 32,150. One can also observe the decreasing trend in the number of births, while five years ago the number of children in the municipality was higher by 597 from the current number.
The outcome of this trend is the fact that the Nakło municipality has an ageing population.
Despite the fact that women constitute 52% of the residents, in the statistics kept by the Business Activity Central Register and Information Record, on the municipal market they are a minority among entrepreneurs. When analysing the age of entrepreneurs one can see that as it was stated in the abovementioned statistics the population is aging. Persons aged 31-59 constitute 70% of self employed persons. Persons aged 20-30 constitute only 20%. One of the most important economic and social problems of the city and municipality of Nakło nad Notecią is unemployment which remains at high levels. In 2014 the unemployment level in the Nakło district was 21.2%.